these are the different lenses :
wide angle – wide angles give a wide expansion view. you use this lenses is used for when you take pictures of landscape work or sunsets.
standard lenses – range from 35 mm to 85mm. they are great for “walk around ” pictures.
prime lenses – these lens are one focal length. this lenses makes you focus more on composition and point of view.
telephoto lenses – this lenses is good for sports, wildlife, nature pictures. with this lens you need to use fast shutter speed.
the “fast lens”- this usually has an aperture of f/4, f/2.8 or larger. to slow shutter speed with make the picture blurry.